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HTML Introduction

What is HTML?
  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • It is the standard markup language for designing web pages
  • It is used to design web pages which is displayed on the web browser
  • HTML elements are the main building blocks of the HTML
  • Elements tell the browser what to show on the web pages like headings, paragraphs, images, links, etc.
Let's see with some example
          <!DOCTYPE html>
              <title>My First Web Page - Lynxsia IT Solutions</title>
              <h1>My First Heading</h1>
              <p>My first paragraph.</p>

So what the above example do is create a web page that looks like the below image

HTML demo example
Let's breakdown the example one by one
  • <!DOCTYPE html> is the document declaration that defines that it is an HTML document.
  • <html> is the root of an HTML document. Everything comes under this element.
  • <head> defines the head of the HTML document which contains meta information like the title.
  • <title> defines the title of the page which is shown on the browser's tab.
  • <body> defines the body of the page and everything shown on the browser's window comes under this element.
  • <h1> defines the largest heading.
  • <p> defines paragraph.
We will discuss more about elements, tags, document, etc. in next tutorials.
Web Browser Purpose

Web browser is used to view HTML documents/pages. The browser did not display the HTML elements/tags like <h1>, <p>, etc. instead parse the document and determine what and how to display the document. Most popular web browsers are Chrome, Safari, Firefoz, Edge, etc.

Browser demo for html
Simple HTML Page Structure
<title>Page Title</title>
<h1>Some Heading</h1>
<p>Some Paragraph</p>
This tutorial is mostly based on the HTML5 version edition. So may be some of the element and attributes is not included

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